1177 B.C. : The Year Civilization Collapsed
by Eric H. Cline
Editor: Princeton University Press
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Marauding groups, known only as the “peoples of the sea” in 1177 BC.J-Cinvaded EgyptArmy and Navy managed to defeat them, but the victory of Pharaoh so weakened Egypt that it soon slipped into decline, like most of the surrounding civilizationsAfter centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end.Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the last few decadesNo more Minoans or MycenaeansNo more Trojan horses, Hittites or Babylonians.The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium British Columbia, which had extended from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, as well as writing systems, technology and monumental architecture.But the people of the sea alone could not have caused this widespread breakdown.How did this happen?In this new major account of the causes of this “first age of darkness”, Eric Cline tells the captivating story of how the end was provoked by multiple interconnected failures, ranging from the invasion and revolt of earthquakes, droughts and the cutting off of international trade routes.To bring to life the dynamic multicultural world of these great civilizations, it draws an impregnable panorama of the empires and the globalized peoples of the Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that rushed from their dramatic collapse and inaugurated a dark age that lasted for centuries.An irresistible combination of narrative and more recent scholarship, 1177 BCsheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Bronze–and that paved the way for the emergence of classical Greece.
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